- Slender body with short limbs.
Bright red external gills.
Four toes on front feet, five on hind feet.
Fifteen to seventeen costal grooves.
- Light brown to yellow with brown mottling.
Two rows of lighter flecks on each side of body.
Dark bar from eye to nostril.
Pale cream-colored, translucent ventral surface.
Eurycea neotenes grows to adult lengths of 5-10 cm (2-4 in) total length.
Eurycea neotenes is restricted to central Texas.
Eurycea neotenes remains under rocks and among the rock cobbles at the bottom of stream beds.
Strictly aquatic, Eurycea neotenes is found in subterranean streams and creek headwaters.
The Texas salamander is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
Eurycea neotenes is only found along the Balcones Escarpment from Comal County to Val Verde County.