- Distinct small and round parotoid glands.
Overall flattened body.
Cranial crests slightly developed, or absent.
- Gray, shades of brown, or pale olive, with reddish warts in dark blotches.
Dusky throat on males, light-colored throat on females.
Bufo punctatus is one of the smaller members of the genus, measuring only 3.5-7.5 cm (1.5-3 in) as an adult.
In North America, Bufo punctatus has a broad range across the southwestern U. S. and northern Mexico.
Bufo punctatus is mainly nocturnal, however it may be diurnal during breeding. It feeds on insects.
Breeding in Bufo punctatus occurs from April to September, coincident with seasonal rainfall. Males call from the edge of a water source.
Bufo punctatus is a desert resident preferring to live in rocky areas and open grasslands; B. punctatus typically remains near a water source such as a spring, stream, or cattle tank.
The red-spotted toad is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Bufo punctatus can be found throughout most of the western two-thirds of the state.